Not every patient aware about the bypass surgery risk. Surgery or cardiac surgery is well known coronary artery bypass surgery. This operation is performed to relieve symptoms of chest pain and reduce the risk of death resulting from a heart attack. This Surgery is usually performed by moving the arteries or veins from elsewhere in the patient into the heart to bypass (bypass) area of the blood vessels to improve blood flow to the coronary arteries that supply oxygen to the heart muscles.
Just like any other surgery, of course there are bypass surgery risk that might threatened patients’ life. In the implementation of the operation, the heart must be in the stop condition. So, to do this surgery, doctors need tools “cardiopulmonary” or heart-lung machine. Or it could be done with other techniques, ie without using the machine operation “cardiopulmonary” but using the technique of “off pump”.
Because the heart is in the chest cavity, the heart surgeon will perform the cutting of skin on the middle area of the chest and cutting the breastbone (median sternotomy). During this procedure by pass surgery patient’s heart rate pausing or operation is carried out under conditions throbbing heart still in a state dependent on the patient’s condition .As long as heart rate, blood pumping function of the heart as to be taken over by a heart-lung bypass machine. This machine will replace the function of the heart and lung function during a surgical procedure. For a while the blood flow to the heart that were previously impaired are used conduit which blood vessels are derived from the internal mamary left and right artery, saphenous vein, radial artery, or from right gastroepiploica artery.
This bypass operation includes connecting the conduit to sew way beyond the area of the coronary arteries narrowed or blocked. The other end will be sewn on major arteries are the aorta, except internal mammary artery and gastroepiploic artery that is already connected to the other end from the beginning. This surgical procedure lasts approximately three hours. However, the operating time depends on how much the bypass will be done. After the operation is complete, one day later the patient will be transferred to a usual treatment for wound care and rehabilitation. But beside the bypass surgery risk, this procedure is really help to save people’s lIfe.